I assume that “dessert” in the sweet-stuff-eaten-after-the-meal sense is not a regular part of Chinese and Indian cuisines. So in some ways this is not a fair question, but they have sweets and they are generally uninspiring and often downright gross. My caricature, not too much of a stretch, is that at the end of a meal in a Chinese restaurant, the leftovers are brought back into the kitchen where they are mixed with sugar and possibly liquified or gelatenized before being returned to the table as dessert. Here is the very popular Cantonese dessert, red bean soup.

Mmmm… . Variations of this dessert appear in many East Asian cuisines. Indian sweets, in my limited experience, are similar.

The few exceptions I have encountered are Vietnamese and Cambodian where the desserts are essentially French.